Artificial intelligence (AI) is the replication of human intellect in devices created to function and think like people. AI is capable of making judgements, learning from experience, and carrying out activities that traditionally call for human intellect.

As AI has the ability to revolutionise several areas, including healthcare, banking, education, and more, its significance has grown in the modern world. In several industries, the application of AI has already boosted accuracy, decreased prices, and improved efficiency.

Due to AI's ability to gather, process, and analyse massive volumes of data more quickly than ever before, society has become much more digitised. This has sparked the development of new technology, enhanced business procedures, and increased productivity across several industries. AI has significantly influenced a variety of media types, including text, video, and 3D. The way we engage with and consume media has completely changed because of AI-powered technologies like natural language processing, image and audio recognition, and computer vision. We can swiftly process and analyse enormous volumes of data thanks to AI, making it simpler to identify and access the information we want.

AI and its Consequences

But everything has a darker side to it.

Over the next ten years, experts predict that the advent of artificial intelligence will improve the lives of the majority of people, but many people are concerned about how these developments will change what it means to be human, to be productive, and to have free will.

Networked artificial intelligence, according to experts, will increase human effectiveness while simultaneously posing a danger to human autonomy, agency, and skills. On a wide range of activities, including complicated decision-making, reasoning, and learning, advanced analytics and pattern recognition, visual acuity, speech recognition, and language translation, they discussed how computers may match or even surpass human intellect and skills. They claimed that "smart" systems in cities, cars, buildings and utilities, farms, and corporate operations would save costs, save lives, and provide people the chance to live more individualised lives.

Regardless of their level of optimism, the majority of experts raised worries about how these new technologies may affect the fundamental aspects of what it means to be human in the long run.

More people throughout the world are now interested in the development of AI as a result of the recent advent of Large Language Models and Generative AI. For months, ChatGPT ran on overburdened servers, and Twitter feeds were flooded with amusing statements from the chatbot, followed by discussions highlighting the wide range of uses for these types of chatbots. The awareness that users will have an advantage over a non-user that is "productivity-powered" has quelled ethical arguments over the deployment of generative AI. The Internet previously went through a spiral where the topics of labour replacement and economic development with the emergence of AI entered.

Assessment By the Experts Group

There is general agreement that using AI in the production of goods and services would increase productivity. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) economists found that the use of AI tools increased worker productivity by 14% and increased consumer satisfaction, which in turn led to better treatment of customer service agents and higher employee retention in their study "Generative AI at Work" with over 5,000 customer support agents in the Philippines. According to experts, employees who use generative AI may not replace workers, but they will replace workers who do not upskill.

AI systems gain decision-making skills by learning from training data. This information may reflect historical or societal injustices or be tainted by human bias. Additionally, based on their own prejudices, the person who programmes the system might directly introduce bias into it.

Particularly, terrorism has developed along with the internet and social media, which have been essential to them for everything from recruiting followers to purchasing weapons to disseminating hate speech and other lessons.  It has also been used to create weapons to specifically target a group by identification and attacks.

Because AI has expanded their reach and increased their operations, terrorist organisations have turned to it. They can expand their range of operations , and it has also been successful in recruiting new purposes.

Artificial intelligence accelerates progress and, in many circumstances, surpasses our capacity for comprehension as humans. Automation makes it more difficult for humans to detect criminal activities like phishing, the introduction of viruses into software, and the tampering of AI systems for personal gain due to the way these systems see the world.

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The Chinese Perspective

As the U.S. attempts to limit investment in high-tech firms in China, the Biden administration is struggling with how to define artificial intelligence that poses a danger to national security.

The Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), which aspires to be a "world-class military," continues to raise serious concerns among its rivals and neighbours over its development of cutting-edge weaponry. Significant expenditures have been made by the Chinese military and the country's defence sector in robotics, swarming, and other AI and machine learning applications. The development of "autonomous" or "intelligentized" weapons systems has so far benefited from existing research and development strengths in unmanned systems and missile technology.

The military balance may be impacted by Chinese developments in autonomy and AI-enabled weaponry, which could pose additional risks to international security and geopolitical stability as great power competition grows. The Chinese military could speed up the installation of weapons systems that are risky, unproven, or unreliable in real-world combat scenarios in an effort to gain a technical edge. The trajectory of Chinese military innovation will be influenced by the PLA's strategic decisions over which capabilities could be advantageous. The fact that Chinese military scientists and researchers are beginning to discuss safety issues, technological challenges, legal and ethical difficulties, and other related topics is positive.