Fundamentally, the field of interior design is vast, and there is much more to it than purchasing décor elements and planning a floor layout for the furniture. DesignEx knows the importance of good interior design and how it makes our home feel more comfortable and joyful. The DesignEx team has offered its expert opinion on seven key elements to design your house effectively in this article. The proper utilization of these elements can have an immense impact on the aesthetics of one’s house, what are they? Let's find out:

  • Space: This is perhaps the most critical element to get right. Space refers to the distance between décor & furniture, the floor & the ceiling, and it is vital in creating pleasing home aesthetics. Negative and positive space must be balanced, and only then can a house look clutter-free. The concept of open floor planning employs the principle of positive space with no doors and walls wherever possible, making the layout look simple and vast.
  • Lines: Another significant element and perhaps the most underutilized one is the line. Any interior designer can use three types of lines: horizontal, vertical, and dynamic. Horizontal lines create feelings of tranquillity and homeliness, which are great for places such as a meditation center, bedrooms, living rooms, etc. Vertical lines draw the viewer's attention upwards and make them feel visually heightened, a great choice if you have an expensive chandelier or any form of artistic overhead lighting. Dynamic lines aren't seen as often as the other two, but they give a feeling of movement in any room. Your eye moves in the direction of the lines and makes you feel energized. In the picture below, Design Ex has splendidly used this element because of which the viewer's gaze is naturally drawn towards the artistic glass ceiling above the room.
  • Form: Any of the pieces located in the area that form shapes, be it natural or geometric, come under the category of shapes. Playing with the shape of your room can make it give the refined poise you are looking for. When an interior designer has perfect knowledge of this concept, then the feeling of calmness, peacefulness, energy, and modernity can be easily expressed.
  • Pattern: Any combination of lines, shapes, and forms can be considered as a pattern. Patterns bring character and add a surplus of personality to the interiors. The most common of them are checks that can be incorporated in the flooring, walls, doormats, and even on the rug in the living room. However, the use of patterns should be under moderation as too much can ruin your home aesthetic by making it look unpleasant, and a little too less will hardly be noticeable.
  • Light: Great lighting is the solution to everything. A designer's favorite way to spruce up all interiors, lighting is an element of interior design loved by all. There are two types of lighting- natural and artificial. Natural lighting is soft, ambient, and limited in availability to a particular time of the day. Artificial lighting is often used to emphasize pieces of art or any such structure installed to draw the viewer's attention. It is used in the kitchen, above an art installation, bathrooms, etc. Light contributes significantly to the home aesthetics as they liven up the interiors, making them feel more vibrant and elegant.
  • Colour: It is a fact that colours primarily have a substantial psychological effect on humans and their moods. For example, lighter colours such as white, pink, sky blue, etc., give us a feeling of relaxation and expansiveness, while colours such as brown, black, dark green give us a more earthy and heavy feel. With careful consideration using different shades and hues can produce the desired feel for any space, and using them with grace can positively impact the cognitive comprehension of one’s house. In the project below, DesignEx has used a variety of colour schemes to make the space more creative and have an exuberant look and feel.
  • Texture: It refers to the surface composition and is a vital element of interior design. Without texture, a room falls flat. Adding texture is much like adding layering to your clothing; it is that extra touch that completely changes the look of the surface. It brings about a certain weight to the space and helps create a rustic aesthetic. For instance, paneled walls, rugs, wallpapers, etc., are used to add the element of texture to any room.

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These elements are like the pillars on which the idea of interior design stands. Understanding them gives a deeper refinement to one’s interior design skills. It helps spot the technicalities in an interior design that can uplift the aesthetics of any space when corrected.

About Author

Smriti Raheja Sawhney, Founder DesignEx
Inherently talented, Ar. Smriti Raheja Sawhney was brought up in an architectural household. Her keen attention to detail, endeavor of revolutionary design while keeping a hold on the reality pushes her towards excellence in execution.
Listed amongst 50 Phenomenal Architects and Interior Designers by Interiors and Decor Magazine, she has been designing out of the ordinary built- environments.

Since her childhood, Smriti had a creative vision of taking her design heritage forward, choosing fine arts in her 12th. Her journey towards the architectural destiny started at TVB
School of Habitat Studies where she learnt the intricacies of the built world. Tutored under practically oriented professors, her perspective about the thriving market scenario became distinct and definitive. Further on, she started off her career in Citadel India, offering online design research and solutions back in the 2000s. With the passion of design thriving in her, she was soon to realize her reduced knack for a desk job. She started working for her father at sites, gaining the opportunity to travel around the world, grasping knowledge and ideas beyond books and materials in India.
With her eyes set on making Indian architectural prowess, in 2001 she started her architectural firm naming it DesignEx – an amalgamation of design and execution. With just 6 architects and a small management team focused on integrating the clients into the planning phase while realistically realizing those aspirations, DesignEx worked on major projects and went from a room with 4 desks to 2 large offices in Delhi NCR and Kolkata. Today DesignEx primarily works in the F&B sector with more than 25 restaurant chains as their clientele. The clarity of thought and concept design that she brings in is derived from her varied experience and leaves a lasting impression. Being a firm believer of ‘form follows function’, her designs reflect a relatable interface and an organic touch, much like her role model- Frank Lloyd Wright. Having executed wonders after wonders in the design industry, it’s not hard to see how Smriti manages to maintain high aspirations. Some of her celebrated projects include Home Delhi for PVR Director’s Cut, Anidra, Punjab Grill, Mistral, L’Opera and SETZ.

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