The golden Sengol will be raised in the new structure when Prime Minister Narendra Modi opens the new Parliament House on Sunday. The Sengol, which has a long history, represents the handover of authority from British authorities to Indians. The Sengol was accepted by India's first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, at his residence on the evening of August 14. 

The Tamil word "Semmai," which denotes righteousness, is where the word "Sengol" originates. The Sengol serves as a reminder to the ruler or leader to retain the values of fairness as their primary guiding principle and serves as a symbol of a just and fair government. 

The gold-plated, handcrafted piece is 5 feet long. The sacred bull of Lord Shiva, Nandi, is carved onto the Sengol's head.

It all started when Lord Mountbatten, the previous Viceroy, questioned Pandit Nehru about whether a specific ceremony was required to represent the transfer of power in accordance with Indian traditions. C. Rajagopalachari, a lawmaker, author, and freedom fighter, was counselled about it by Pandit Nehru. 

Rajaji, as Rajagopalachari was affectionately known, proposed the custom of Tamil Nadu's Chola kings, who passed the Sengol to denote the transfer of power. According to Chola tradition, high priests would transmit the Sengol from one king to the next. Rajaji then coordinated the transfer of the Sengol to Pandit.

Rajaji requested the design, which was provided by the 20th Guru Maha Sannidhanam of the Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam Sri La Sri Ambalavana Desika Swami, who subsequently placed the order with jewellers Vummidi Bangaru Chetty of then Madras.

When Rajaji made the request in 1947, the Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam Guru Maha Sannidhanam was ill, therefore the holy seer instructed his subordinate Sri La Sri Kumaraswamy Thambiran to give the Sengol to Nehru. 

For those who are unaware, aadheenam are traditional maths that honour Lord Shiva. They are non-Brahmin orders that have long provided assistance to the populace. The Thiruvavaduthurai Adheenam was founded in the 15th century and has been helping people ever since it helped convey the Sengol. 

When the Sengol is finally erected in the new Parliament building on May 28, the same ceremony will take place. There will be several different Adheenam leaders present, and they will take part in the programme. After being cleansed with Gangajal, the Sengol will be given to PM Modi. 

On significant occasions, the Sengol will be displayed near the Lok Sabha speaker's chair

Also Read - In Gujarat's Kutchh, the Adani Group commissions a 130 MW wind power plant.